Chester County, PA: Henry Hayes, 1773. Anthony wayne. 1st. Fine. Item #100255
Prior to his service in the Revolutionary War, Anthony was a highly respected Chester County, Pennsylvania surveyor. Wayne’s survey expertise attracted the attention of Benjamin Franklin who employed Wayne in 1765 to survey a large tract of land in Nova Scotia purchased by Franklin and others. This Nova Scotia survey map is part of the Anthony Wayne Papers preserved at the Library of Congress and the only other such example of his cartographic work according to OCLC records.
The ‘map or draught’ is accomplished with exacting precision and artistic fancy on a legal writ of execution by “Henry Hayes High Sheriff to the Justices of our Lord the King” the 3rd day of May 1773. Thomas Robinson’s lands are depicted as 10 disconnected tracts letter keyed accordingly to the lengthy writ and totaling about 1,100 acres. Anthony Wayne has drawn the map with skillful artistry on a unraveled scroll complete with 15 buildings drawn in perspective, 10 of which portray smoking chimneys. Bordering creeks and roads are named including “road branching from Lancaster Road leading to Gulph Mills”, “Lancaster Road” and “Road Leading from Mount Joy to Radnor Church”. Adjoining landowners are also named throughout. Executed on a scale of 5 perches to an inch according to the colored 200 perches scale. Executed 3 years prior to the Revolutionary War and boldly signed – “Survey of 1773 Anty Wayne. Parcels, scale and buildings retain crisp, bright hand coloring, manuscript entirely legible throughout.
The document is also signed by John Morton, who would be elected to the Continental Congress a few months later, Benjamin Bartholomew, Richard Riley, Hugh Lloyd and Henry Hayes High Sherriff, each signature with their respective blind stamps and wax seals.
Boldly signed by both Wayne and Morton on the eve of the Revolutionary War.
An exceptional rarity indeed.
Anthony Wayne (1745-1796) – Statesman and prominent American Officer during the Revolutionary War possessed of a fiery personality and brilliant tactical intellect. 1776 unanimously appointed by congress as Colonel and Commander of the 4th Battalion Pennsylvania Line, 1776 placed in command of Fort Ticonderoga, 1777 promoted to Brigadier General by George Washington following his successful command of the battle of Trois-Rivieres, 1778 led the American attack at the Battle of Monmouth, 1779 planned and executed the pivotal American victory at Stony Point, 1781 credited with diffusing the mutiny of the Pennsylvania Line.
John Morton (1725-1777) – Founding Father John Morton was a Pennsylvania surveyor, jurist, Declaration of Independence signatory who was elected to the first and second Continental Congress’ and Chairman of the committee that drafted the Articles of Confederation. Morton is considered to be the deciding vote for Independence when he sided with Ben Franklin and James Wilson. Morton signed the Declaration with others on August 2nd 1776, thus unifying the 13 American Colonies.